Before getting started on a study of the book of Revelation, let's familiarize ourselves with some basic guidelines. Today, I'll offer some necessary background material needed in any in-depth study of the scriptures. Let's get started:
A BASIC RULE FOR BIBLE INTERPRETATION
Dr. David L. Cooper has already established a basic guideline for properly interpreting the Revelation (and the rest of scripture).
He said, "When the plain sense of scripture makes common sense, seek no other sense; therefore take every word at its primary, ordinary, usual, literal meaning UNLESS the facts of the immediate text, studied in the light of related passages and axiomatic and fundamental truths, CLEARLY indicate otherwise."
Whenever we see a symbol in the book of Revelation, it is either explained AT the point WHERE we see it, such as with the lampstand in Revelation chapter one. OR ELSE the symbol is explained ELSEWHERE in the Bible, as with the sign of the sun, moon and stars as seen in Revelation 12. This symbol (the sun, moon and stars) is made clear by a reading of Genesis 37, focusing upon verses 9 and 10 especially.
LOCATE THE SCENE OF THE ACTIVITY
Hopeless confusion will happen in a study of Revelation UNLESS a person keeps FIRMLY in mind whether THE ACTION is taking place on earth, or in heaven. We need to be aware of WHERE each scene is happening.
FOUR BASIC INTERPRETATIONS--PART 1
(Although, I, Sharon, believe there is ONLY ONE correct way to interpret the book of Revelation, I'll make note of FOUR methods. HOW a person CHOOSES to interpret this book will obviously determine THE MESSAGE that the person will take away from his study.)
PRETERIST. This view claims that the Apostle John was referring to the EVENTS of HIS OWN DAY, about 96 A.D. This interpretation requires huge MENTAL GYMNASTICS that are quite unnecessary IF that person would apply the Golden Rule of Interpretation. (The Roman Emperors Nero and Domitian DO NOT FULFILL ALL the requirements for "the Antichrist," for example.) The PRETERIST interpretation does NOT FIT what the book of Revelation truly says. (Some of the insight in Revelation might fit PARTS of old Roman history, but NOT ALL of it. This manner of interpretation falls short.)
FOUR BASIC INTERPRETATIONS--PART 2
HISTORICAL. This view suggests that the Apostle John described major events that would take place DURING THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH. It therefore suggests that Revelation portrays events which have happened during ALL of CHURCH history. This interpretation CREATES a NEED to JUGGLE historical events so that they fit the text of the Revelation. THIS IDEA is HISTORICALLY UNSOUND and it DISTORTS the plain meaning of the book of Revelation.
The ONLY events which have occurred HISTORICALLY in the Revelation are John's vision (chapter one) and THE SEVEN LETTERS TO THE CHURCHES (chapters two and three). Chapters 4 through 22 talk about the "hereafter"--which is "after" the Church Age is finished. (We'll discuss CHURCH AGES when we actually study chapters two and three.)
FOUR BASIC INTERPRETATIONS--PART 3
IDEALIST or SPIRITUALIZED. There are people who believe that EVERYTHING in the book of Revelation should be taken ALLEGORICALLY, FIGURATIVELY or METPHORICALLY. These people SAY that John wrote in symbols to show "spiritual conflict" (in the manner of "a story" or an "illustration"). Therefore, they claim, the Revelation is NOT be taken LITERALLY with an actual PHYSICAL outcome.
This view is held by AMILLENIALISTS (who believe there will be NO "Rapture" of the Church, NO "great Tribulation," and NO literal/physical MILLENNIAL reign of Jesus upon earth).
POST-MILLENNIALISTS also adhere to the ALLEGORICAL interpretation of Revelation. These people believe that the CHURCH AGE is THE MILLENNIUM--they see the events of Revelation as happening during the history of the Church. Then AFTER that, there's a big jump into the eternity of heaven. Again, there's NO "Rapture," NO "great Tribulation," NO more of God's dealing with Israel as a nation, NO millennial reign of Jesus on earth. Post-Millennialists also think that the Church will cause the world to get better and better, until the world is SO GOOD, that God's KINGDOM happens through the actions and reign of the Church.)
TWO TERRIBLE WORLD WARS, PLUS ALL THE MANY OTHER SKIRMISHES, PLUS MAN'S CONTINUING DEGENERATION INTO SIN AND REBELLION, HAVE LEFT THE POST-MILLENNIALISTS WITHOUT A POST TO LEAN ON! (Pun intended.)
The truth is this--the Book of Revelation is NOT an ALLEGORY. It is NOT just SPIRITUAL (while denying the LITERAL truth altogether). Revelation DECLARES ITSELF to be a PROPHECY and it shows the reader "what is yet to come." An idealistic, spiritualized interpretation falls WAY short of what the Revelation truly is.
FOUR BASIC INTERPRETATIONS--PART 4
FUTURIST or PROPHETIC. The futurist view of Revelation (which, I, Sharon, believe is the TRUE VIEW), accepts that the book of Revelation IS prophecy--a Word which is primarily YET to be fulfilled, particularly from chapter 4 on.
This is the view accepted by most PRE-MILLENNIALISTS (who see the millennium as being a LITERAL, physical reign of Jesus Christ on the earth for a thousand years). In this view, Christ's coming to gather the Church to Himself happens BEFORE the Millennium begins.
There is a FURTHER sub-division among PRE-MILLENNIALISTS.
1. PRE-TRIBULATION RAPTURE OF THE CHURCH (before the Tribulation begins).
2. MID-TRIBULATION RAPTURE OF THE CHURCH (after 3 1/2 years of Tribulation have elapsed).
3. PRE-WRATH RAPTURE OF THE CHURCH (just prior to the bowls in Revelation 16 being poured).
4. POST-TRIBULATION RAPTURE OF THE CHURCH (the Church remains on the earth and is judged along with the rest of the world during the WHOLE Tribulation).
Much argument SURROUNDS these various RAPTURE positions. However, a THOROUGH search of the scripture WILL SHOW what is ACCURATE (as long as people have an open and teachable spirit.)
If people REFUSE to change opinions, the subject should be dropped. THE WHOLE TRUTH IS THIS--IF SOMEONE KNOWS JESUS AS THEIR PERSONAL SAVIOR AND LORD, AND ARE BORN-AGAIN, THEY WILL BE WITH HIM WHEN HE COMES. Why argue?
(I refuse to argue, BUT I DO like to joke--"On the way up to meet Jesus in the air, I’ll look you in the eye and say--‘See, I TOLD you it would happen this way’--PRE-TRIBULATION." LOL)
Chuck Missler, in his study on the book of Revelation, says very boldly, "Dismiss THREE of the interpretations--(PRETERIST, HISTORICAL AND ALLEGORICAL) as nonsense." (I agree with him.)
So, therefore, accept the Bible exactly as it's WRITTEN-- plainly, literally, physically--NOT clouding the issue by the attempt TO BEND it to fit PRE-CONCEIVED ideas. What "The Word" says, it says, plainly and simply. IF a symbol is used, know also that the symbol IS EXPLAINED, either right where it's found, or in other portions of scripture. When the symbol is explained, then it’s very easy to continue in the simple and literal meaning of a passage. (I, Sharon, hold firmly to the PROPHETIC view of Revelation, because that's what the book, itself, tells me it REALLY is. Revelation 1:3.)
A VERY IMPORTANT WARNING
One of the BEST THINGS to remember while listening to, or reading, a teacher presenting a study of the Bible IS THIS--be CAREFUL about accepting EVERYTHING said or written point blank. We should be EAGER to dig into the Bible for ourselves and do our own homework. A man or woman can stimulate us on WHERE or HOW to search the scriptures, but we should be ready to look into the matter ourselves and see how the Holy Spirit teaches us personally.
In John 16:13 we read, "Howbeit when He, the Spirit of truth is come, He will guide you into all truth: for He shall not speak of Himself; but whatsoever He shall hear, that shall He speak: and He will show you things to come." ALLOW THE HOLY SPIRIT TO BE OUR TEACHER, LIKE JESUS IN THE BIBLE INSTRUCTS US TO DO.
In Acts 17:11 we find THIS ADDED INSIGHT, "These (Bereans) were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, (to see) whether these things were so."
Acts 17:11 tells us that we MUST have an open mind, being READY to receive the teachings and observations of others. BUT, we must also be READY to do our own research to SEE IF the things that are being taught are TRULY scriptural. (If people did this, they'd AVOID falling prey to false prophets or cults.)
UNDERSTANDING TYPES AND SIMILITUDES
To help in the interpretation of the book of Revelation, we need to familiarize ourselves with the understanding of Biblical "types" and "similitudes."
In Hosea 12:10, we find a very technical concept brought forward. We must be comfortable with the idea that's expressed in that verse. "I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used SIMILITUDES, by the ministry of the prophets."
A SIMILITUDE is a similarity (a simile--for those of us accustomed to writing techniques). A similitude is something that is similar to something else. In our study of the Bible, we can list a PARABLE as one example of a similitude. Similitudes can also be metaphors, a model, a type, or an idiom. ALL these terms of comparison and/or similarities have DIFFERENCES in the English usage, but the Holy Spirit uses them consistently throughout the scripture to promote PICTURES OF PARTICULAR THINGS OR TRUTHS that He wishes to convey.
A METAPHOR is this--Christ is said to be a ROCK, or a LAMB or a LION. Christ is NOT literally these three things, but each word used gives a picture of His character or ministry.
A SIMILE shows a LIKENESS by including the words "like," "as," "so," etc. For example--here's a SIMILE: "Joy like a fountain."
WHAT IS A TYPE?
As we study the scriptures, we also need to be familiar with TYPES. A type is a STANDARD or MODEL, a picture of some truth that is BURIED WITHIN a "structure" or "model" of events, which then FORESHADOWS or PREFIGURES what’s later revealed by DIRECT TEACHING.
Most easily seen and understood is the FORESHADOWING of Christ's death and resurrection in the story of Abraham offering his son, Isaac. We see other types pictured in Daniel chapter three--as the friends of Daniel are cast into a fiery furnace. Other types appear in the story of Noah's ark and in the portrayal of Enoch and Methuselah. Yet another type is prefigured in the story of Naomi, Ruth and Boaz.
ABRAHAM AND ISAAC--A TYPE
This TYPE is extremely rich in SPIRITUAL meaning. We'll take the time to thoroughly explore it.
Types are great Biblical truths ACTED OUT in history AHEAD of the FACT. One of the greatest is Abraham offering his son, Isaac (Genesis 22). This famous story FORESHADOWS God offering Jesus for the sins of the world.
God told Abraham to "take now thy son, thy ONLY son, Isaac, whom thou lovest" and they were to go to the land of Moriah to one of the mountains God would show them.
Already, something here is interesting. Isaac is NOT Abraham's ONLY son. The patriarch had another son, Ishmael--born when Abraham attempted to fulfill God's promise by his OWN fleshly efforts with the Egyptian handmaid, Hagar. In the sacrifice that is shown, however, God refers to the SON OF PROMISE, Isaac (NOT to the son of Abraham's flesh efforts).
God ALSO has a Son OF PROMISE, Jesus. ALSO, take note of the phrases "thy ONLY son"--and "whom he loves." God HAS an ONLY Son Whom HE LOVES, Jesus. The scene, therefore, is SET UP for the foreshadowing of a great gospel truth--Christ's death and resurrection.
Abraham becomes a picture of God, the Father. Isaac becomes a picture of Jesus Christ, God's ONLY Son. In Romans 4, Galatians 3 and Hebrews 11, we discover that Abraham KNEW IN ADVANCE that God would need to RESURRECT Isaac, and it was THIS FAITH that saved Abraham.
Why did Abraham KNOW these things?
Because HE KNEW God had promised that OUT OF ISAAC would come a SEED. At this point in the narrative, Isaac HAD NO CHILDREN. BUT Abraham KNEW God would KEEP His promise, and, IN FAITH, Abraham approached the sacrifice of Isaac like this--"So God wants me to offer my son of the promise? Okay. I will. AND because God said that through Isaac I WILL have children and bless the earth, then, IF I KILL HIM, God will NEED to raise him up." In Abraham's mind, Isaac WAS DEAD when the call came to go offer his son as a sacrifice. THEN, they traveled THREE DAYS to get to the mountain. "And on THE THIRD DAY, Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place afar off."
In 1 Corinthians 15:4, the Gospel is DEFINED..."and that He (Jesus) rose again THE THIRD DAY according to the scriptures."
Where in the Old Testament does it say that Christ would rise on the THIRD DAY?
In Matthew 12:40, Jesus referred to Jonah in the belly of the whale for three days, BUT yet we see even MORE in Genesis 22:4. ON THE THIRD DAY, after Abraham reckoned Isaac as dead in his mind, Hebrews 11:19, they arrived at the mountain, and Isaac was returned to Abraham ALIVE. Genesis 22:12-13. To Abraham, it was AS IF Isaac had risen from the dead. Hebrews 11:19. The Apostle Paul also tells us that the GOSPEL was preached BEFORE, UNTO ABRAHAM. Galatians 4:8. Abraham knew the Gospel and believed it.
When Abraham and Isaac reached the place of the offering, Abraham went away to worship. When Abraham returned, he placed THE WOOD for the offering upon Isaac's back. Genesis 22:6. When JESUS went to the cross, He also carried the MEANS of His death upon His back--the WOODEN BEAM of the cross. JESUS DIED TWO THOUSAND YEARS AFTER ABRAHAM OFFERED ISAAC--ON THE VERY SAME SPOT WHERE ABRAHAM TOOK ISAAC. Abraham named the spot "Jehovah-Jireh" which MEANS "God Provides." Genesis 22:14. Abraham UNDERSTOOD how God WOULD provide His Son as an offering there.
When Isaac asked Abraham WHERE the lamb for the offering was, Abraham replied with some very interesting words. Genesis 22:8. Notice the arrangement of them--"My son, God will provide HIMSELF a lamb." And indeed a ram was seen, caught by its horns--this became THE SUBSTITUTIONAL SACRIFICE. This PICTURE SHOWS that God will provide HIMSELF--God, the Son--THE LAMB OF GOD. HE BECOMES THE SACRIFICE! HIS SACRIFICE IS “SUSTITUTIONAL”--MEANING JESUS TOOK OUR PLACE ON THAT CROSS WHEN HE DIED FOR OUR SINS! (Wow! This story only gets better and better!)
Now notice something else. Isaac is NOT mentioned again in this passage of Genesis until THE TIME OF HIS MARRIAGE. Where is Isaac during that expanse of time? What is Isaac, in this example, a TYPE of?
"So Abraham returned to his young men (servants), and they rose up and went together to Beersheba..." Genesis 22:19. Isaac is NOT mentioned again UNTIL Abraham sends his servant, Eliezer, into ANOTHER COUNTRY to gather a bride for his son.
In Genesis 24:62-67, we see how Isaac meets Rebekah.
THIS IS THE FIRST TIME SINCE THE OFFERING OF ISAAC, in Genesis 22, that he's PHYSICALLY DESCRIBED. (Also, MAKE NOTE, Abraham’s servant, Eliezer is NOT named in Genesis 24. We KNOW his name from Genesis 15:2. The fact that Eliezer IS NOT NAMED in this TYPE--shown in Genesis 22-24--IS significant.)
Abraham's servant (the Father's Servant) is a TYPE of the Holy Spirit, Who gathers a Bride for His Son. The Holy Spirit DOES NOT draw attention to Himself (IS NOT NAMED). Instead, the WORK of the Holy Spirit is to bring GLORY to Jesus Christ, Who is God's Son.
The name Eliezer MEANS "comforter." The Holy Spirit is also called "the Comforter." John 14:16. John 14:26.
Eliezer told the bride, Rebekah, about the son, Isaac. The Holy Spirit tells us, people of the Church--the Bride--about God's Son, Jesus.
Eliezer gave gifts to Rebekah. The Holy Spirit gives gifts to the Church.
Eliezer took the bride (Rebekah) from HER HOMELAND to the homeland of the GROOM’S FATHER (Abraham) to MEET Isaac, the son. The Bride, the Church, will be taken from ITS HOMELAND, the earth, to the homeland of the GROOM’S FATHER, God, which is in heaven. There the Bride will be presented to her Groom, Jesus Christ. The type offered here in Genesis 22-24 is absolutely astonishing. Doesn't this make your spirit leap?
DANIEL CHAPTER 3--AS A TYPE
I have another example of a TYPE. Remember that a TYPE is an event in Bible history, recorded in such a way by the Holy Spirit, that it FORESHADOWS a truth, or SUPPORTS a truth, which is CLEARLY taught elsewhere in the scripture by DIRECT WORDING. "Daniel Chapter Three" is also a TYPE. This is to declare that the third chapter of Daniel is MORE than just an historical story. Because of some SIMILARITIES ("similitudes"--Hosea 12:10-- which will be clearly seen when we actually get into a verse by verse look at Revelation--Daniel Three is INDEED a prophetic message in TYPE.
In verse one, Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon (the ruling world empire at the time of Daniel), set up an image of gold. This image was 60 cubits high and 6 cubits wide. In verses 4 through 6, people were called to fall down and worship the image, and IF they DIDN'T, they would be thrown into a fiery furnace.
There are some AMAZING facts given here. A world leader makes an image and demands the worship of it, with consequences of DEATH if people did NOT obey. The image has THE NUMBER SIX associated with it in height and breadth. (SIX is associated with "imperfect sinful man.")
The similarities to Revelation are these: A world leader, the Antichrist, will demand worship. An image of the Antichrist will be set up and people MUST worship it. The number associated with the Antichrist is 666. Those who do NOT bow down to worship the Antichrist, or his image, will be killed.
In Daniel 3:12, THREE Jews REFUSED to worship Nebuchadnezzar's golden image and were cast into the fiery furnace. A THIRD PART of Israel will come through THE FIRE of the Tribulation and will be SAVED. Zechariah 13:8. The furnace was made HOTTER for those Jews, SEVEN TIMES HOTTER. The term SEVEN TIMES is the Chaldean (Aramaic) "id-dawn" which means SEVEN "times" or "set times"--the Aramaic expression for SEVEN YEARS! Even in the very words that are used, the TYPE comes forward as a picture of the "SEVEN YEAR Tribulation." The THREE Jews are miraculously PRESERVED THROUGH THE FIRE. A FOURTH person is seen WITH THEM--in the form of THE SON OF GOD--Jesus! The THREE Jews were NOT burned, and DID NOT even have the smell of smoke upon them.
In Revelation, at the time of the Antichrist, there will be Jews who REFUSE to worship the Beast (Antichrist) or his image. They will be in THE MIDST of a FIERY TRIAL known as JACOB'S TROUBLE (the Great Tribulation), and A THIRD PART of the Jews are miraculously PRESERVED by the supernatural power of Jesus through that awful time. Zechariah 13:8.
Nebuchadnezzar, in this part of Daniel, is a TYPE of the Antichrist. The image set up is a TYPE of "the abomination of desolation," the image that will be put inside the Jewish Holy of Holies by the Antichrist--which he demands to be worshiped. The THREE Jews in the fiery furnace are a TYPE of Israel who come through Jacob's Trouble (the Great Tribulation) with the help of Jesus Christ. The FOURTH man in the fire is a TYPE of Jesus, Who will HELP the Jews during the Great Tribulation. The fiery furnace itself is a TYPE of the Great Tribulation.
We know the THREE Jews in the fiery furnace are DANIEL'S FRIENDS. SO NOW I ASK A QUESTION. WHERE'S DANIEL?
We see Daniel is NOT there WHEN his THREE friends are thrown into the fiery furnace. We know from Daniel 1, that Daniel fellowshiped with these THREE youth. They are mentioned SEVEN times in the first TWO chapters as being VERY close--living in the same quarters, consulting with each other. Then, WHERE was Daniel now?
Did Daniel bow down to the image and get spared from the furnace? NEVER! Daniel had a strong faith in the Most High God! He would NEVER bow to an idol.
Did the Chaldeans chose to NOT accuse Daniel when they accused the other THREE? NOT LIKELY. In the eyes of the Chaldeans, Daniel was a rival (the Chaldeans could NOT explain Nebuchadnezzar's dream in chapter 2, so they would certainly GLOAT "if" they could see Daniel punished).
When Daniel interpreted the dream (with God's help), Nebuchadnezzar made Daniel regent number THREE in Babylon. If Daniel had been present, he would NOT have bowed to the idol, and the Chaldeans would have demanded that Daniel go into that furnace, too. BUT DANIEL IS NOT MENTIONED. WHERE WAS HE?
Historically, it’s safe to guess that as THIRD MAN in leadership in Babylon, under Nebuchadnezzar, Daniel was off somewhere else on state business. With Daniel gone, HE WAS NOT CONFRONTED WITH THE PROBLEM OF THE IDOL AT ALL! Does this sound likely?
Prophetically, THERE APPEARS to be a deeper meaning in Daniel's ABSENCE from the scene. So what does Daniel become a TYPE of?
DANIEL REPRESENTS A GROUP OF PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT PRESENT AT THE SCENE OF THE FIERY FURNACE (THE GREAT TRIBULATION) AT ALL!!! THIS GROUP IS SPARED THE PUNISHMENT METED OUT DURING THAT TIME!!! In this respect, Daniel, by NOT being confronted with the problem, by NOT being cast into the furnace, is a TYPE of THE CHURCH--who will be caught up to be with Jesus BEFORE the Great Tribulation begins.
This fits very well with the promise to AN OVERCOMING Church that’s given in Revelation 3:10--to be KEPT FROM the VERY HOUR or TIME of the "temptation, which shall come upon ALL the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth."
Sounds like a Pre-Tribulation Rapture picture to me! Do you think Daniel 3 is a TYPE in the Old Testament that shows THE CHURCH who will be SPARED (who will NOT be present at THE TIME of) the judgment of the Great Tribulation because of a PRE-TRIB Rapture?
It sure feels that way to me! And I’m thrilled by such a structure! I KNOW this is NOT a point by point DIRECT teaching about the Pre-Tribulation Rapture. BUT "by structure"--"by the picture" given in this glimpse of history, the PATTERN or TYPE is certainly there. You decide.
AN EXAMPLE IN SCRIPTURE OF A “MODEL”
A MODEL, Biblically speaking, is a PATTERN laid out, a PHYSICAL REPLICA on "the earthly plane"--of something else that’s in "the spiritual" realm. A MODEL is the PATTERN of what's REALLY in HEAVEN.
When we get to Revelation 4, we'll see the THRONE of God. At that throne are FOUR LIVING CREATURES (Cherubim). One was like a LION. A second like a CALF (OX). A third with the FACE OF A MAN. A fourth like a FLYING EAGLE.
Do you realize, that when God commanded HOW the Israelites were to set up their camp in their wilderness sojourn, that God had them make a "PHYSICAL earthly MODEL" of the Throne of God in heaven? See Numbers 2--the whole chapter. Numbers 10:12-28.
The Tabernacle (the place of worship--God's EARTHLY throne), was ALWAYS set up in the MIDDLE of Israel's camp, with the door of the Tabernacle FACING EAST. The Priests, and Moses, and the TRIBE OF LEVI surrounded the immediate perimeter of the Tabernacle. Their duty was to minister, to take care of the Tabernacle, to make sacrifices, etc.
AROUND the Tabernacle (and around the inner circle of the LEVITES), the REST of the Israelites camped. They camped in FOUR groups--and the EXTENT of their campsite was TWELVE square miles. THREE tribes of Israel camped on EACH of the FOUR sides of the Tabernacle, with a main standard-bearer (leader) for each division. The camps, established in the FOUR DIRECTIONS, as they were set up, made the SHAPE of a CROSS around the central Tabernacle!
To the EAST were the tribes of Judah, Issachar and Zebulon. They faced the door of the Tabernacle, and camped under the standard (or FLAG) of Judah--which was a gold LION on a field of red. (Remember, Jesus is known as "THE LION of the tribe of JUDAH"?) The LION is also seen in heaven as one of the FOUR Cherubim.
To the WEST were tribes of Ephraim, Benjamin and Manasseh, under the standard (or FLAG) of Ephraim--which was a black OX on a field of gold. The CALF, or OX, is one of the FOUR Cherubim in heaven.
To the SOUTH were the tribes of Reuben, Gad and Simeon, under the standard (or FLAG) of Reuben--which was a MAN upon a field of gold. The FACE OF A MAN is one of the FOUR Cherubim in heaven.
To the NORTH were the tribes of Dan, Asher and Naphtali, under the standard (or FLAG) of Dan--which was a GOLDEN EAGLE on a field of blue. A FLYING EAGLE is one of the FOUR Cherubim in heaven.
So every time that the Israelites made camp, AROUND THE TABERNACLE (the worship place--THE EARTHLY THRONE of God--according to the instructions laid down by God in Numbers 2 and 10), they formed an EARTHLY MODEL of the THRONE OF GOD in heaven. The "earthly" Tabernacle was PATTERNED AFTER the Tabernacle which is seen in heaven! This is a "similitude" defined as a MODEL.
I actually drew a picture to illustrate this concept, forming a concrete picture, a MODEL of the MODEL set up by God in scripture. (I wish I could show you the picture--I do NOT know how to add the graphics.)
I want to add that there’s much more insight about God's Throne and the meaning of the FOUR Cherubim. I’ll bring out these details, whenever we arrive at Revelation 4.
I pray you are blessed! Have a wonderful day.
There's so MUCH MORE to see. Tomorrow, I'll offer more INTRODUCTORY material, BEFORE we actually jump into the study of the book of Revelation.
"You are WORTHY, O Lord, to receive GLORY and HONOR and POWER: for You have created ALL THINGS, and FOR YOUR PLEASURE they are and were created." Revelation 4:11.